Jewish lineage goes by the mother, or you can convert by working with a Beit Din (court of Jewish law) that is recognized by observant Jews.
Tracing Elon Musk’s genealogy maternally does not yield any clear answers. The line stops at an Ann Parry. No indication whether she was or wasn’t Jewish.
Elon Musk – Maternal Genealogy
Maye Musk is Elon Musk’s mother.
Maye Musk’s mother is Winnifred Josephine Haldeman, maiden name Fletcher.
Maye Musk’s maternal grandmother is Edith R. Fletcher, maiden name Angel.
Maye Musk’s maternal great-grandmother is Eliza Angel, maiden name Parry.
Maye Musk’s maternal great-great-grandmother was Ann Parry (UK).
The Parry Surname Is Christian
Parry is a Welsh surname.
Hidden Jews (Forced Christian Converts) in Cardiff, Wales At The Birth Of Ann Parry
Jewish people were expelled from England between 1290-1655.
“The history of the Jews in Wales begins in the 13th century. However, shortly after the English conquest of Wales, Edward I issued the 1290 Edict of Expulsion expelling the Jews from England. From then until the formal return of the Jews to England in 1655, there is only one mention of Jews on Welsh soil.”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Jews_in_Wales
Ann Parry, Elon Musk’s maternal great-great-great-grandmother, was from Cardiff.
Wikipedia quote a BBC story which is no longer available online, but here is the quote showing that Jewish people were clearly present in Wales from approximately 1730. Further, there were Jewish communities in Cardiff and elsewhere.
“The BBC notes, “The oldest non-Christian faith [in Wales] to be established was Judaism, with a presence in Swansea dating from around 1730. Jewish communities were formed in the next century in Cardiff, Merthyr Tydfil, Pontypridd and Tredegar.”https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00fb96m/clips via https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Jews_in_Wales
Beit Hatfutsot (“The Museum of the Jewish People”), in Israel, puts the arrival of Jewish people about 200 years earlier, in 1537:
“The first Jews arrived in Cardiff against their will: in 1537, a sea captain who had been hired to bring a number of New Christians (Jews from the Iberian Peninsula who had been forcibly converted) from Lisbon to London forced them to disembark in Cardiff instead, extorting more money from them before taking them to Flanders.”https://dbs.anumuseum.org.il/skn/en/c6/e180579/Place/Cardiff
By 1841, the Jewish community was formalized with a gift of land for burial purposes:
“A small community was subsequently established in 1840; in 1841 the Marquess of Bute provided the community with a plot of land to be used as a cemetery, thereby also conferring on the community official recognition. Mark Marks, an auctioneer and the father of the painter Barnett Samuel Marks (1827-1916), is said to have been the founder of the community.https://dbs.anumuseum.org.il/skn/en/c6/e180579/Place/Cardiff
Cardiff became the central Jewish community of Wales by 1852:
In 1852 there were 13 Jews living in Cardiff; after an influx of Jews from Russia at the end of the 19th century the Jewish population rapidly increased, ultimately hitting a peak of 5,500. Cardiff, with its growing prosperity, soon replaced Swansea as the major Jewish center in Wales.”https://dbs.anumuseum.org.il/skn/en/c6/e180579/Place/Cardiff
- Geni.com says that Ann Parry was born in 1827.
- Parry’s daughter Eliza Angel was born in 1851. She married Frederick John Reeve Angel.
- Eliza Angel gave birth to Edith, who married Harold Fletcher and gave birth to Winifred Josephine.
- Winifred married Joshua Norman Haldeman and gave birth to Maye Musk.
We know that Russan Jews escaping pogroms led to a huge Jewish population increase in Cardiff between 1852 and the 1880s.
“While the Cardiff Jewish population was 13 families in 1852, after the influx of Jews fleeing from Russian pogroms in the 1880s the city’s Jewish population rose to a peak of 5,500. A synagogue was founded in Merthyr Tydfil in 1875, and by the end of the century, most towns in the Valleys had small Jewish communities and trading stations.”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Jews_in_Wales
Ann Parry Was a Dressmaker – A Jewish Occupation In Cardiff, Wales
Beit Hatfutsoth, the Israeli repository of genealogical information about Jewish communities around the world, has an online exhibit showing that the Jews of Cardiff in approximately 1900 were tailors and peddlers.
It is possible that Ann Parry was Jewish, but came from a line of Jewish people who were forced to convert to Christianity.
If so, this would make Elon Musk Jewish, whether he identifies with Judaism or not.
By Dr. Dannielle Blumenthal (Dossy). All opinions are the author’s own. Public domain.